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On May 22, 2019, the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) approved the Recommendation of the Council on Artificial Intelligence. OECD recommendations are not binding, but they are particularly relevant in international and domestic law, since they help lawmakers to draft their own legislation.

The main purpose of the Recommendation is to establish the following Artificial Intelligence Principles, which should guide the development and implementation of this technology:

  • Artificial Intelligence must foster inclusive growth, sustainable development and the well-being of the planet and the population.
  • Artificial Intelligence systems (AI systems) must respect the rule of law, human rights and democratic values, and they must provide for mechanisms ensuring a fair and equitable society
  • AI systems must be transparent and clear, so that users can understand their functioning and results. 
  • AI systems must be robust and secure, and they should be safe at all times. To this end, there will be periodic risk analyses.
  •  Developers of AI systems must be accountable for their proper functioning subject to the said principles.

These Artificial Intelligence Principles are consistent with the European Commission Ethics guidelines for trustworthy AI discussed in this blog in December 2018.

According to the OECD’s press release, 42 countries, including Spain, have already adopted the Principles. Therefore, they have committed to the standards aimed at achieving a robust, secure, equitable and trustworthy AI system.

Author: Esther Ballesteros

This post is also available in: Español

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esther.ballesteros@cuatrecasas.com