Pricing algorithms: next enforcement challenge for Competition Authorities?

The potential anticompetitive impact of the automation of decision-making has become a topic of great interest in recent times. Self-learning pricing algorithms are focusing the agenda from the European competition authorities due to two potential harmful effects on business conduct: price discrimination and collusive practices. It is precisely the second effect that is generating greater uncertainty and debate. One of the key questions is whether it is possible to design a fully-autonomous software capable of colluding without any explicit human intervention and contact between competitors.

El TC declara inconstitucional el sistema de licencia única

El Tribunal Constitucional declara la inconstitucionalidad del principio de eficacia en todo el territorio nacional, también conocido como sistema de licencia única, establecido en los artículos 19 y 20 de la Ley 20/2013, de 9 de diciembre, de garantía de la unidad de mercado (“LGUM”) por vulnerar el principio constitucional de territorialidad de las competencias, en el que se fundamenta el Estado autonómico.

La CE intensifica la persecución de prácticas restrictivas del comercio transfronterizo y electrónico

El 14 de junio de 2017 la Comisión Europea ha incoado tres expedientes sancionadores contra Nike, Sanrio y Universal Studios por haber incurrido en posibles prácticas contrarias al derecho de la competencia en relación con la cesión de licencias y la distribución de productos de merchandising (ver nota de prensa de la Comisión Europea). Las empresas investigadas son licenciantes de los derechos para comercializar los productos de merchandising del Fútbol Club Barcelona (Nike), Hello Kitty (Sanrio), y Minions y Despicable Me (Universal Studios).

E-COMMERCE SECTOR INQUIRY: FINAL REPORT PUBLISHED

On May 10, 2017, the European Commission issued its Final Report on the e-commerce sector inquiry. The e-commerce sector inquiry was launched in May 2015 aimed at identifying market trends and possible competition restrictions in European e-commerce markets as part of the European Digital Single Market strategy. Its initial findings were published in a Preliminary Report in September 2016 (see our post on the Preliminary Report). The Final Report focuses on e-commerce in two separate sectors: consumer goods and digital content. It includes the responses to questionnaires addressed to a wide range of stakeholders including...